Work context and turnover intention in social enterprises: the mediating role of meaning of work

Jonghun Sun, Jeong Won Lee, Young Woo Sohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of meaning of work as a linking mechanism between the perception of work context and turnover intention within the rarely studied context of social enterprises. Design/methodology/approach: Drawing on meaning of work theories, an integrated research model was developed. Data were collected using questionnaires from 315 full-time employees at 114 social enterprises in Korea. Mediated and moderated structural equation models were used to assess the hypotheses. Findings: Social mission was fully mediated by meaning of work to predict low turnover intention, and shared vision was partially mediated to predict the same. The authors also found that the positive relationship between social mission and meaning of work was stronger when shared vision was higher. Originality/value: This study extends previous literature on managerial psychology (i.e. meaning of work and turnover) in the context of a new but increasingly prevalent organizational form, social enterprises. It also provides practical advice for managers seeking to retain employees and encourage the sustainability of the social enterprise sector.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-60
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Managerial Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 19

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Work context and turnover intention in social enterprises: the mediating role of meaning of work'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this