Why Do Young Men Oppose Gender Quotas? Group Threat and Backlash to Legislative Gender Quotas

Jeong Hyun Kim, Yesola Kweon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Despite increasing efforts to implement legislative gender quotas, many countries still encounter substantial popular opposition to this policy. Previous work cannot explain why opposition to legislative gender quotas persists, particularly among young men, a group believed to be open to diversity. We develop and test a theoretical framework linking group threat to men's attitudes toward legislative gender quotas. While the salience of perceived group threat could trigger men's opposition to legislative gender quotas, we expect that this effect will be more profound among young men due to the heightened degree of economic insecurity experienced by younger generations. Using original survey experiments in South Korea, this study demonstrates the strong influence of group threat in the formation of negative attitudes toward legislative gender quotas among young men. These effects, however, are not mediated by traditional gender norms. Our findings have significant implications for the study of gender and politics and democratic representation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)991-1021
Number of pages31
JournalLegislative Studies Quarterly
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Washington University in St. Louis.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science


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