Conventional organic light-emitting devices without an encapsulation layer are susceptible to degradation when exposed to air, so realization of air-stable intrinsically-stretchable display is a great challenge because the protection of the devices against penetration of moisture and oxygen is even more difficult under stretching. An air-stable intrinsically-stretchable display that is composed of an intrinsically-stretchable electroluminescent device (SELD) integrated with a stretchable color-conversion layer (SCCL) that contains perovskite nanocrystals (PeNCs) is proposed. PeNCs normally decay when exposed to air, but they become resistant to this decay when dispersed in a stretchable elastomer matrix; this change is a result of a compatibility between capping ligands and the elastomer matrix. Counterintuitively, the moisture can efficiently passivate surface defects of PeNCs, to yield significant increases in both photoluminescence intensity and lifetime. A display that can be stretched up to 180% is demonstrated; it is composed of an air-stable SCCL that down-converts the SELD’s blue emission and reemits it as green. The work elucidates the basis of moisture-assisted surface passivation of PeNCs and provides a promising strategy to improve the quantum efficiency of PeNCs with the aid of moisture, which allows PeNCs to be applied for air-stable stretchable displays.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering