Waste based hydrogen production for circular bioeconomy: Current status and future directions

K. Chandrasekhar, Sunil Kumar, Byung Don Lee, Sang Hyoun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

105 Citations (Scopus)


The present fossil fuel-based energy sector has led to significant industrial growth. On the other hand, the dependence on fossil fuels leads to adverse impact on the environment through releases of greenhouse gases. In this scenario, one possible substitute is biohydrogen, an eco-friendly energy carrier as high-energy produces. The substrates rich in organic compounds like organic waste/wastewater are very useful for improved hydrogen generation through the dark fermentation. Thus, this review article, initially, the status of biohydrogen production from organic waste and various strategies to enhance the process efficiency are concisely discussed. Then, the practical confines of biohydrogen processes are thoroughly discussed. Also, alternate routes such as multiple process integration approach by adopting biorefinery concept to increase overall process efficacy are considered to address industrial-level applications. To conclude, future perspectives besides with possible ways of transforming dark fermentation effluent to biofuels and biochemicals, which leads to circular bioeconomy, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122920
JournalBioresource technology
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


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