Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the volume of voids between retrograde filling using calcium silicate cement alone and retrograde filling using a combination of calcium silicate cement with a calcium silicate–based sealer. Methods: Twenty single-rooted, extracted human teeth were instrumented with nickel-titanium files and obturated with gutta-percha. We resected the roots at a point 3 mm from the apex, prepared the root ends, and filled the root-end cavities with Endocem Zr (Maruchi, Wonju, Korea) or Endoseal MTA (Maruchi) plus Endocem Zr. Then, we scanned the prepared samples using micro–computed tomographic imaging and performed 3-dimensional reconstruction. The percentage volume of the gap between the canal wall and root-end filling was calculated along with the percentage volume of voids in the filling materials. All data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Selected specimens were further observed using scanning electron microscopy. Results: There were no significant differences in the percentage volumes of the gaps and internal voids between the 2 groups. Both calcium silicate and the calcium silicate–based sealer exhibited good adaptation to the cavity wall. Conclusions: The findings of our micro–computed tomographic and scanning electron microscopic analyses suggested that the volume of voids in retrograde filling using a combination of calcium silicate cement and calcium silicate–based sealer was comparable with that in retrograde filling using calcium silicate cement only. Calcium silicate–based sealers could be used in retrograde filling for clinical convenience without harmful effects on the quality of filling.
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© 2019 American Association of Endodontists
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