Volatilization of fluorine in a CaO–SiO2–CaF2-based system with the substitution of Na2O with K2O

Min Seok Seo, Il Sohn

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Cuspidine-based systems are used to control the crystallization in mold fluxes, which is enabled by CaF2 additions. However, excess CaF2 increases the corrosion of casting machines. Therefore, Na2O and K2O are added to the mold flux system to ensure an optimized crystallization and lubrication ability of the flux with the CaF2 content. This study investigated the effect of substituting Na2O with K2O on the volatilization of fluorine in a CaO–SiO2–CaF2-based slag system at high temperatures. The substitution of Na2O with K2O was performed at 5 mol% intervals. The volatilization was observed by thermogravimetric analysis under several isothermal conditions. The mass loss was measured at a heating rate of 5, 10, and 20 K/min. As the temperature increased, the volatilization of the mixed samples increased. The activation energy was calculated using the Flynn–Wall–Ozawa and Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose methods. A kinetic analysis of the volatilization of fluorine was conducted using the calculated parameters and several known kinetic models. Consequently, the volatilization of the Na-rich sample was controlled by chemical reactions and that of the K-rich sample was identified to be controlled by a phase-boundary-controlled reaction. These results suggest that the addition of mixed alkali oxide promote the volatilization during the early stages of the reaction. From the post-experimental composition analyses, the remaining Na and K in the samples suggested a different mechanism for the Na and K volatilization. The volatilization of Na increased with time, whereas K volatilized easily during the beginning of the reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6320-6334
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the BK21 FOUR (Fostering Outstanding Universities for Research) funded by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea, Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE) of the Republic of Korea (No. 20212010100040) and the Technology Innovation Program (20009815, Development of DfAM‐based 3D Printing Technology for Lightweight and Integrated Parts for Aerospace) funded By the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy(MOTIE, Korea).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The American Ceramic Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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