Objective To determine whether anterior cruciate ligament–deficient (ACL-D) individuals and individuals with a reconstructed anterior cruciate ligament (ACL-R) rely more heavily on visual information to maintain postural control. Data Sources PubMed, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from their earliest available date to May 24, 2016, using a combination of keywords. Study Selection Articles were included if they reported any instrumented static single-leg balance outcome in both a patient and control sample. The means and SDs of these outcomes must have been reported with both eyes open and eyes closed. Data Extraction Sample sizes, means, and SDs of single-leg balance measures for each group's eyes open and eyes closed testing conditions were extracted. The methodological quality of included studies was independently evaluated by multiple authors using an adapted version of the Quality Index. Data Synthesis Effect sizes were calculated by dividing the differences in change between eyes closed and eyes open in the ACL-D and control group and the ACL-R and control group by the pooled SD from the eyes closed trials for each analysis. Significant differences between the ACL-D and control group (effect size, −1.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], −2.90 to −.41) were noted. The ACL-R and control group were not different (effect size, −.61; 95% CI, −2.17 to.95). Conclusions ACL-D individuals but not individuals with ACL-R demonstrate a greater reliance on visual information during single-leg stance compared with healthy individuals.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation