Video Frame Synthesis via Plug-and-Play Deep Locally Temporal Embedding

Anh Duc Nguyen, Woojae Kim, Jongyoo Kim, Weisi Lin, Sanghoon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We propose a generative framework that tackles video frame interpolation. Conventionally, optical flow methods can solve the problem, but the perceptual quality depends on the accuracy of flow estimation. Nevertheless, a merit of traditional methods is that they have a remarkable generalization ability. Recently, deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have achieved good performance at the price of computation. However, to deploy a CNN, it is necessary to train it with a large-scale dataset beforehand, not to mention the process of fine tuning and adaptation afterwards. Also, despite the sharp motion results, their perceptual quality does not correlate well with their pixel-to-pixel difference metric performance due to various artifacts created by erroneous warping. In this paper, we take the advantages of both conventional and deep-learning models, and tackle the problem from a different perspective. The framework, which we call deep locally temporal embedding (DeepLTE), is powered by a deep CNN and can be used instantly like conventional models. DeepLTE fits an auto-encoding CNN to several consecutive frames and embeds some constraints on the latent representations so that new frames can be generated by interpolating new latent codes. Unlike the current deep learning paradigm which requires training on large datasets, DeepLTE works in a plug-and-play and unsupervised manner, and is able to generate an arbitrary number of frames from multiple given consecutive frames. We demonstrate that, without bells and whistles, DeepLTE outperforms existing state-of-the-art models in terms of the perceptual quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8931794
Pages (from-to)179304-179319
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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