Video forensic marking algorithm using peak position modulation

Jihah Nah, Jongweon Kim, Jaeseok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Forensic marking, a type of watermarking, is an efficient means of detecting copyright violation and tracing unauthorized access to digital content. In this paper, a new video forensic marking algorithm is proposed which uses peak position modulation (PPM) and can embed sufficient information to trace an illegal distributor. PPMuses the positions of correlation peaks, which are modulated by user information. Furthermore, a forensic mark is embedded into a 2-level 3D discrete wavelet transform (DWT) domain. Experimental results show the robustness against various attack and the capacity improvement of proposed algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2391-2396
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Mathematics and Information Sciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This authors acknowledge financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31901372), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20190758), and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2019M661851). The authors also thank to the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD), the Golden Goose Research Grant (GGRG) (Vot 55191) by Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, and the Analysis and Test Center of Nanjing Forestry University.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analysis
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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