Vanadium removal from water by waste metal sludge and cement immobilization

Amit Bhatnagar, Ashwani Kumar Minocha, Deepak Pudasainee, Hyung Keun Chung, Seong Heon Kim, Hyoung Soo Kim, Giehyeon Lee, Booki Min, Byong Hun Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


The present study was first carried out to investigate the adsorption potential of metal sludge (a waste product of electroplating industry) in removing vanadium from water. The adsorption capacity of metal sludge for vanadium was found 24.8 mg/g at 25 °C. The adsorption was studied as a function of contact time (0.5-10 h), concentration (1.5 × 10-4-9.5 × 10-4 M) and temperature (25 and 45 °C) by batch method. The adsorption has been found to be endothermic and data conform to Langmuir model. The analysis of kinetic data indicates that present adsorption system is a pseudo-first-order process and intraparticle diffusion controlled. After adsorption studies, the metal-laden sludge adsorbent was immobilized into the cement for its ultimate disposal. Physical properties such as initial and final setting time, compressive strength of cement stabilized wastes were tested to see the effect of metal-laden sludge in cement. The results of present study clearly reveal that metal sludge can be fruitfully employed in treating industrial effluents containing vanadium and further safely dispose of by immobilizing it into cement. The proposed technology provides a two-fold advantage of wastewater treatment and solid waste management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-204
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors are thankful to Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, India for financial support and Director, CBRI, Roorkee for his kind permission to conduct this research work in CBRI laboratory. Authors are also grateful to 21st Frontier research project (Sustainable Water Resources Research Center 3-4-3) for financial support. This work was also supported by grant no. (R01-2006-000-10250-0) from the basic research program of the Korean Science & Engineering Foundation and the Brain Korea-21 (BK-21) program of the Ministry of Education.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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