The combination of high-capacity anodes and high-voltage cathodes has garnered a great deal of attention in the pursuit of high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries. As a facile and scalable electrode-architecture strategy to achieve this goal, a direct one-pot decoration of high-capacity silicon (Si) anode materials and of high-voltage LiCoO2 (LCO) cathode materials is demonstrated with colloidal nanoparticles composed of electroconductive antimony-doped tin oxide (ATO). The unusual ATO nanoparticle shells enhance electronic conduction in the LCO and Si electrode materials and mitigate unwanted interfacial side reactions between the electrode materials and liquid electrolytes. The ATO-coated LCO materials (ATO-LCO) enable the construction of a high-mass-loading cathode and suppress the dissolution of cobalt and the generation of by-products during high-voltage cycling. In addition, the ATO-coated Si (ATO-Si) anodes exhibit highly stable capacity retention upon cycling. Integration of the high-voltage ATO-LCO cathode and high-capacity ATO-Si anode into a full cell configuration brings unprecedented improvements in the volumetric energy density and in the cycling performance compared to a commercialized cell system composed of LCO/graphite. Lithium-ion batteries with ultrahigh energy density are made possible using a high-capacity Si anode and a high-voltage LiCoO2 (LCO) cathode, both coated with nanoparticles of antimony-doped tin oxide (ATO). The ATO nanoparticle shell enhances electronic conduction and mitigates unwanted reactions at the electrode surface. As a result, unprecedented improvements in the volumetric energy density (274 mA h cm-3) and capacity retention after the 100th cycle (83.9%) are achieved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- General Materials Science