Ultrafast spin-resolved spectroscopy reveals dominant exciton dynamics in conducting polymer polyaniline

Soonyoung Cha, Yoochan Hong, Jaemoon Yang, Inhee Maeng, Seung Jae Oh, Kiyoung Jeong, Jin Suck Suh, Seungjoo Haam, Yong Min Huh, Hyunyong Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The conducting polymer polyaniline (PANI) has a wide range of optoelectronic applications due to its unique electronic and optical characteristics. Although extensive works have been performed to understand the equilibrium properties, the nature of the charge type that governs its nonequilibrium optical response has been barely understood; a number of studies have debated the nature of photogenerated charge type in PANI, specifically whether it is polaron or exciton based. Here, we report experimental evidence that the charge relaxation dynamics of PANI are dominated by excitons. Utilizing ultrafast spin-resolved pump-probe spectroscopy, we observed that PANI charge dynamics are strongly spin-polarized, exhibiting a spin Pauli-blocking effect. Investigations including both spin-independent and spin-dependent dynamics reveal that there is no spin-flip process involved in charge relaxation. This provides compelling evidence of an exciton-dominated photoresponse in PANI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20371-20375
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number39
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 3

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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