Ultra-sensitive, One-time Use Hydrogen Sensors Based on Sub-10 nm Nanogaps on an Elastomeric Substrate

Hwaebong Jung, Byungjin Jang, Wonkyung Kim, Jin Seo Noh, Wooyoung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Extremely narrow nanogaps with a width less than 10 nm have been achieved in Pd thin films on a PDMS substrate by the combination of tensile straining and fine control of initial hydrogen concentration. For the Pd/PDMS structures pre-elongated by 25%, the width of nanogaps was found to decrease with decreasing concentration of the initial feed of hydrogen gas. Hydrogen sensors based on the nanogaps with reduced widths resulted in a dramatic improvement in hydrogen detection limit, and the minimum detection limit obtained in this study was 10 ppm, which is the lowest ever reported for hydrogen sensors employing only a Pd thin film. These results provide an unusual opportunity to use these sensors in specific fields, where ultra-high precision hydrogen detection is required even with one-time use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-693
Number of pages5
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project was supported by Priority Research Centers Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ( 2009-0093823 ) and by the Converging Research Center Program through the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (No. 2010K001430 ).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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