Two-dimensional materials in functional three-dimensional architectures with applications in photodetection and imaging

Wonho Lee, Yuan Liu, Yongjun Lee, Bhupendra K. Sharma, Sachin M. Shinde, Seong Dae Kim, Kewang Nan, Zheng Yan, Mengdi Han, Yonggang Huang, Yihui Zhang, Jong Hyun Ahn, John A. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

175 Citations (Scopus)


Efficient and highly functional three-dimensional systems that are ubiquitous in biology suggest that similar design architectures could be useful in electronic and optoelectronic technologies, extending their levels of functionality beyond those achievable with traditional, planar two-dimensional platforms. Complex three-dimensional structures inspired by origami, kirigami have promise as routes for two-dimensional to three-dimensional transformation, but current examples lack the necessary combination of functional materials, mechanics designs, system-level architectures, and integration capabilities for practical devices with unique operational features. Here, we show that two-dimensional semiconductor/semi-metal materials can play critical roles in this context, through demonstrations of complex, mechanically assembled three-dimensional systems for light-imaging capabilities that can encompass measurements of the direction, intensity and angular divergence properties of incident light. Specifically, the mechanics of graphene and MoS2, together with strategically configured supporting polymer films, can yield arrays of photodetectors in distinct, engineered three-dimensional geometries, including octagonal prisms, octagonal prismoids, and hemispherical domes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1417
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean government (MSIT) (NRF-2015R1A3A2066337). J.A.R. acknowledges support from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences (DE-FG02-07ER46471).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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