Two approaches to sidorenko’s conjecture

Jeong Han Kim, Choongbum Lee, Joonkyung Lee

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39 Citations (Scopus)


Sidorenko’s conjecture states that for every bipartite graph H on {1,· ·, k} (Formula Presented) holds, where μ is the Lebesgue measure on [0, 1] and h is a bounded, nonnegative, symmetric, measurable function on [0, 1]2. An equivalent discrete form of the conjecture is that the number of homomorphisms from a bipartite graph H to a graph G is asymptotically at least the expected number of homomorphisms from H to the Erdős-Rényi random graph with the same expected edge density as G. In this paper, we present two approaches to the conjecture. First, we introduce the notion of tree-arrangeability, where a bipartite graph H with bipartition A ∪ B is tree-arrangeable if neighborhoods of vertices in A have a certain tree-like structure. We show that Sidorenko’s conjecture holds for all tree-arrangeable bipartite graphs. In particular, this implies that Sidorenko’s conjecture holds if there are two vertices a1, a2 in A such that each vertex a ∈ A satisfies N(a) ⊆ N(a1) or N(a) ⊆ N(a2), and also implies a recent result of Conlon, Fox, and Sudakov (2010). Second, if T is a tree and H is a bipartite graph satisfying Sidorenko’s conjecture, then it is shown that the Cartesian product T □ H of T and H also satisfies Sidorenko’s conjecture. This result implies that, for all d ≥ 2, the d-dimensional grid with arbitrary side lengths satisfies Sidorenko’s conjecture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5057-5074
Number of pages18
JournalTransactions of the American Mathematical Society
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Mathematical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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