TREND: Truncated Generalized Normal Density Estimation of Inception Embeddings for GAN Evaluation

Junghyuk Lee, Jong Seok Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


Evaluating image generation models such as generative adversarial networks (GANs) is a challenging problem. A common approach is to compare the distributions of the set of ground truth images and the set of generated test images. The Frechét Inception distance is one of the most widely used metrics for evaluation of GANs, which assumes that the features from a trained Inception model for a set of images follow a normal distribution. In this paper, we argue that this is an over-simplified assumption, which may lead to unreliable evaluation results, and more accurate density estimation can be achieved using a truncated generalized normal distribution. Based on this, we propose a novel metric for accurate evaluation of GANs, named TREND (TRuncated gEneralized Normal Density estimation of inception embeddings). We demonstrate that our approach significantly reduces errors of density estimation, which consequently eliminates the risk of faulty evaluation results. Furthermore, the proposed metric significantly improves robustness of evaluation results against variation of the number of image samples.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputer Vision – ECCV 2022 - 17th European Conference, 2022, Proceedings
EditorsShai Avidan, Gabriel Brostow, Moustapha Cissé, Giovanni Maria Farinella, Tal Hassner
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9783031200496
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event17th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2022 - Tel Aviv, Israel
Duration: 2022 Oct 232022 Oct 27

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13683 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference17th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2022
CityTel Aviv

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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