TORNADO1 regulates root epidermal patterning through the WEREWOLF pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana

Su Hwan Kwak, Sang Kee Song, Myeong Min Lee, John Schiefelbein

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Cell fate in the root epidermis of Arabidopsis thaliana is determined in a position-dependent manner. SCRAMBLED (SCM), an atypical leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinase, mediates this positional regulation via its effect on WEREWOLF (WER) expression, and subsequently, its downstream transcription factor, GLABRA2 (GL2), which are required for nonhair cell development. Previously, TORNADO1 (TRN1), a plant-specific protein with a leucine-rich repeat ribonuclease inhibitor-like domain, was shown to be required for proper epidermal patterning in Arabidopsis roots. In this work, we analyzed the possible involvement of TRN1 in the known root epidermal gene network. We discovered that the trn1 mutant caused the ectopic expression of WER and the randomized expression of GL2 and EGL3. This suggests that TRN1 regulates the position-dependent cell fate determination by affecting WER expression in Arabidopsis root epidermis. Additionally, the distinct phenotypes of the aerial parts of the trn1-t and scm-2 mutant suggest that TRN1 and SCM might have different functions in the development of aerial parts.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1103407
JournalPlant Signaling and Behavior
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the US. National Science Foundation (grant no. IOS-1121602 and IOS-1444400 to J.S. and S. H.K), and the faculty start-up fund from Long Island University, Brooklyn Campus (to S.H.K).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science


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