Three-dimensional conducting polymer films for pt-free counter electrodes in quasi-solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells

Sung Yeon Heo, Jong Kwan Koh, Jin Kyu Kim, Chang Soo Lee, Jong Hak Kim

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Three-dimensional (3D) poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) films were demonstrated as an efficient Pt-free catalyst in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The 3D PEDOT films were fabricated by the deposition of a polystyrene (PS) bead (diameter = 1 μm) monolayer on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass, followed by electrochemical polymerization (EP) of ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) monomer. For comparison, a flat PEDOT film and Pt counter electrodes were additionally prepared by solution casting polymerization (SCP) and the thermal reduction of a spin-coated H2PtCl6 solution, respectively. When these films were implemented as counter electrodes in quasi-solid-state DSSCs with a nanogel electrolyte, the cell efficiency of the 3D PEDOT film prepared by EP for 30 sec reached 5.05%, which is higher than those of the flat PEDOT (4.11%) and Pt counter electrode (4.59%). The improved efficiency of the 3D PEDOT-based cell is attributed to its higher electrocatalytic performance and improved light reflectance, as determined by cyclic voltammogram (CV), incident photon-to-current efficiency (IPCE), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-40
Number of pages7
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 10

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We acknowledge financial support from the Korea Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (KCAP) (2009-0093883) and the Low Observable Technology Research Center program of Defense Acquisition Program Administration and Agency for Defense Development.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry


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