Thermodynamic study on the formation of Mg(Al1-x,Fex)2O4 between single-crystal MgAl2O4 and FetO-containing slag at 1550°C

Cheol Min Yoon, Joon Sung Choi, Dong Joon Min

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Herein, the effects of FetO content and basicity (CaO/Al2O3) on MgO solubility in calcium aluminate slag were evaluated. The experimental results revealed that the dependence of MgO solubility on basicity reversed across the equilibrium region as the phase changed from MgO to spinel. Meanwhile, a dense layer of Mg(Al1-x,Fex)2O4 solid solution formed at the interface between the single-crystal MgAl2O4 and FetO-containing MgO-saturated slag. Thermodynamic evaluation of the spinel solid solution formation indicated that the solid solubility of ferric ions (Fe3+) in the reaction layer was dominated by the redox equilibria of ferrous (Fe2+) and ferric ions in the slag. The standard Gibbs free energy change (ΔG°) of the formation of Mg(Al1-x,Fex)2O4 solid solution was derived considering both the energy change in mixing (ΔG°Mix) from the configurational change and the cation distribution owing to the inversion in the spinel, as well as a chemical reaction (ΔG°Rxn) with the FetO-containing slag. The dissolution mechanism via the substitution of cations, as inferred from these calculations, is discussed in detail.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12310-12319
Number of pages10
JournalCeramics International
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The work was supported by the Korea Evaluation Institute of Industrial Technology [project number 10063488 ] and the third stage of Brain Korea 21 Plus Project in the Division of Creative Materials.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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