Thermodynamic behaviour of carbon in CaO-SiO2 slag system

Hyo Soek Song, Chang Hee Rhee, Dong Joon Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In order to understand the thermodynamic behaviour of carbon in steelmaking slag at high temperature, the carbon dissolution into CaO-SiO2 slag system has been investigated including the effects of temperature and slag components on the carbon dissolution reaction. It was found that carbide solubility in the CaO-SiO2 slag decreased with increasing oxygen potential to confirm the theoretical relationship of -1/2, which reflected the ionic exchange reaction mechanism between carbon and oxygen ions. Carbide solubility in slag as a function of slag basicity for various slag systems appeared to confirm this mechanism. This reaction mechanism implied that the carbide dissolution proceeded due to the reaction of solid carbon and oxygen ions supplied from (CaO) in slag. The oxygen ion appears to be the driving force as it is influenced by the slag components as well as the temperature as shown in the concept of the carbide capacity of slag. The solubility of carbide in the CaO-SiO2 slag increased with the addition of CaF2; the role of CaF2 for carbide dissolution into slag could be speculated to have complex effects on indirect increase in basicity in spite of (CaO) dilution. Substitution of CaO by MgO decreased the solubility of carbide in the CaO-SiO2-MgO slag, possibly caused by the relatively low electro-negativity of MgO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-109
Number of pages5
JournalSteel Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Mar

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Metals and Alloys


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