The activity of Na2O in a Na2O-B2O3 melt was measured at 1373 K by a chemical equilibration technique to understand the thermodynamic behavior of this slag system. Also, the activity coefficient of Na in Ag was preliminarily measured as fundamental thermodynamic data, to estimate the activity of Na2O in the slag. Sodium in the silver melt, within the present concentration range, exhibits the Henrian behavior, and the Henrian activity coefficient of Na in Ag (γNa0) is estimated to be 37.5 at 1373 K, indicating a positive deviation from ideality. The activity of Na2O in the slag varies from 1.86 × 10-6 to 4.99 × 10-4 when its content is increased from 11.0 to 64.9 mol pct; this indicates a significant negative deviation from ideality. The excess stability does not exhibit any pronounced peak, despite being drastically changed at specific slag compositions. Comparing the molar Gibbs free energy of mixing in various binary slags, Na2O was considered to be more basic than BaO (CaO) was, followed next by MgO; also, P2O5 would be significantly more acidic than SiO2 would be, followed next by B2O3. Comparing the heats of formation of solid compounds in binary slags, the larger the differences in the electronegativity values between slag components, the more the relative ionic characters of the melts seemed to be.
|Number of pages
|Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
|Published - 2001
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was financially supported by Grant No. 97-0300-08-01-3 for the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation. Also, one of the authors (JHP) is supported by the BK 21 program.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry