The KEYNOTE-811 trial of dual PD-1 and HER2 blockade in HER2-positive gastric cancer

Yelena Y. Janjigian, Akihito Kawazoe, Patricio Yañez, Ning Li, Sara Lonardi, Oleksii Kolesnik, Olga Barajas, Yuxian Bai, Lin Shen, Yong Tang, Lucjan S. Wyrwicz, Jianming Xu, Kohei Shitara, Shukui Qin, Eric Van Cutsem, Josep Tabernero, Lie Li, Sukrut Shah, Pooja Bhagia, Hyun Cheol Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

290 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2, also known as ERBB2) amplification or overexpression occurs in approximately 20% of advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinomas1–3. More than a decade ago, combination therapy with the anti-HER2 antibody trastuzumab and chemotherapy became the standard first-line treatment for patients with these types of tumours4. Although adding the anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) antibody pembrolizumab to chemotherapy does not significantly improve efficacy in advanced HER2-negative gastric cancer5, there are preclinical6–19 and clinical20,21 rationales for adding pembrolizumab in HER2-positive disease. Here we describe results of the protocol-specified first interim analysis of the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III KEYNOTE-811 study of pembrolizumab plus trastuzumab and chemotherapy for unresectable or metastatic, HER2-positive gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma22 (https://clinicaltrials.gov, NCT03615326). We show that adding pembrolizumab to trastuzumab and chemotherapy markedly reduces tumour size, induces complete responses in some participants, and significantly improves objective response rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-730
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume600
Issue number7890
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 23

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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