Background/aims: Whether entecavir (ETV) or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) affords the better prognosis after curative treatment of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. We compared recurrence and death rates between patients taking ETV and those taking TDF. Methods: Between 2013 and 2017, patients with HBV-related HCC who had undergone hepatic resection (n=421) or radiofrequency ablation (n=305) as first-line anti-HCC treatment in three institutes were consecutively enrolled. All patients received ETV or TDF as a first-line antiviral. The cumulative probabilities of recurrence and death were assessed. We adjusted for viral factors, including the HBV-DNA load, and tumor and demographic factors. Results: During the study period (median 46.6 [interquartile range 25.3–58.9] months), 227 patients experienced recurrence and 53 died. In the ETV (n=405) and TDF (n=321) groups, the annual incidences of recurrence (10.61 and 11.21 per 100 person-years, respectively; P=727) and death (2.28 and 1.79 per 100 person-years, respectively; P=277) were similar, with adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) of 0.932 (P=0.622) and 0.667 (P=0.193), respectively. When stratified by treatment modality and the timing of antiviral therapy commencement, the values were similar (all P>0.05). Inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) analyses yielded results that were similar in the two groups in terms of recurrence (aHR=1.038, P=0.963) and death (aHR=0.799, P=0.431). Furthermore, the early (<2 years) and late (≥2 years) recurrence risks were not statistically different in the two groups (both P=0.400), as confirmed by IPTW analysis (P=0.502 and P=0.377, respectively). Conclusions: The prognoses in terms of recurrence and death after curative treatment of HBV-related HCC were not statistically different between the ETV and TDF groups. Further validation studies are needed.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine