Statement of problem. A discrepancy between crown width and implant width may contribute to potential bending overload. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the crown width - fixture width ratio on crestal bone loss around single dental implants placed in the first molar area. Material and methods. Seventy-six participants (37 men and 39 women; age range, 25 - 83 years; mean age [standard deviation], 56.3 ±10.6 years) were selected from individuals who were treated with single tooth implants between May 2004 and December 2009 at the Department of Periodontology, Gangnam Severance Dental Hospital. The marginal bone-level change and gingival parameters (modified plaque index and modified sulcus bleeding index) of the periimplant soft tissue were assessed 1 year after functional loading. The perpendicular distances from the vertical axis of each fixture to the most distal aspect of the crown and most mesial aspect of the crown were measured in the periapical radiographic view. Results. No statistically significant relationship was found between crown width - fixture width ratio and the 1-year bone-level change (Pearson correlation, P=.06; Spearman rank test, P=.14). No statistically significant differences in marginal bone-level change were found between axial and nonaxial loading implants (2 independent samples t test; P=.19). The bone-level change for the surface adjacent and distant to the cantilever was not statistically significant (paired t test; P=.10). Conclusion. From this study, it may be concluded that off-axial loading that results from a high crown width - fixture width ratio does not increase the risk for periimplant marginal bone loss after 1-year functional loading.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery