The derivation of cooling set-point temperature in an HVAC system, considering mean radiant temperature

Jinmog Han, Jongkyun Bae, Jihoon Jang, Jumi Baek, Seung Bok Leigh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems usually have a set-point temperature control feature that uses the indoor dry-bulb temperature to control the indoor environment. However, an incorrect set-point temperature can reduce thermal comfort and result in unnecessary energy consumption. This study focuses on a derivation method for the optimal cooling set-point temperature of an HVAC system used in office buildings, considering the thermal characteristics and daily changes in the weather conditions, to establish a comfortable indoor environment and minimize unnecessary energy consumption. The operative temperature is used in the HVAC system control, and the mean radiant temperature is predicted with 94% accuracy through a multiple regression analysis by applying the indoor thermal environment data and weather information. The regression equation was utilized to create an additional equation to calculate the optimal set-point temperature. The simulation results indicate that the HVAC system control with the new set-point temperatures calculated from the derived equation improves thermal comfort by 38.5% (26%p). This study confirmed that a cooling set-point temperature that considers both the thermal characteristics of a building and weather conditions is effective in enhancing the indoor thermal comfort during summer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5417
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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