The Business Case for Gender Diversity: Examining the Role of Human Resource Management Investments

Hyuntak Roh, Eugene Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Integrating opposing theoretical perspectives from the past literature, the authors hypothesize and test a U-shaped curvilinear relationship between gender diversity and workforce productivity. They further propose that the curvilinear effects vary depending on the levels of an organization's human resource management (HRM) investments in pay, benefit, training, and communication; that is, the patterns are more salient when HRM investments are high rather than low. To enhance understanding of how HRM investments have impact on diverse employees, the authors also examine the moderating influence of organizational identification of diverse members that can exert proximal influence on the diversity-productivity relationship. As predicted, results reveal that high levels of HRM investments influence the gender diversity-workforce productivity association to form a U-shaped curvilinear relationship. Organizational identification also yields the same moderating patterns. Research and practical implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-534
Number of pages16
JournalHuman Resource Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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