The Association between New-Onset Depressive Symptoms and Participating in Medical Check-Ups among Elderly Individuals

Heejoo Park, Juho Sim, Juyeon Oh, Jongmin Lee, Chorom Lee, Yangwook Kim, Byungyoon Yun, Jin Ha Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The association between adherence to medical check-ups and new-onset depressive symptoms, after adjusting for comprehensive risk factors such as social characteristics, remains unclear. This study aimed to assess the association between mental health and participating in medical check-ups. The survey data of participants aged 60 to 89 were recruited from the seventh Korean Longitudinal Study on Aging. The primary outcome was new-onset depressive symptoms within 2 years measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Participating in medical check-ups was defined as undergoing biennial medical check-ups. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to estimate adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) with consideration of a 2-year time lag. Among 4255 participants, the prevalence of new-onset depressive symptoms was 7.36% (n = 313). The prevalence of non-participation in medical check-ups was 11.96% (n = 509). The adjusted OR of new-onset depressive symptoms by non-participation in medical check-ups was 1.65 [95% CI 1.22–2.24; p = 0.001] after adjusting for various demographic, behavioral, occupational, and social participation characteristics. Our findings demonstrated a significant inverse relationship between participation in medical check-ups and new-onset depressive symptoms. It is necessary to monitor and manage depressive symptoms in vulnerable elderly individuals who do not participate in medical check-ups.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11509
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume19
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Sept

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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