Temperature dependence of high field characteristics in PMN-PT-BT ceramics containing chemical additives

Yong S. Cho, Chang H. Yoon, Steven M. Pilgrim, Keith Bridger

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


A chemical additive method was used to modify the composition and resultant properties of a commercially available 0.96(0.91Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 - 0.09PbTiO3) - 0.04 BaTiO3 (PMN-PT-BT) ceramic. Without an additional ball-mixing process, several combinations of minor additives such as Fe, Ba, Sr, Zn and Ti were incorporated by the chemical method. Weak- and high-field characteristics including dielectric properties, induced strain and polarization, and associated hystereses were evaluated for the samples sintered at 1200°C for 4 hrs. All properties were found to depend on the chemical additives and temperature. Especially, the temperature dependence of high-field characteristics revealed different behavior from that reported for conventionally-prepared samples. For example, the samples containing 0.5 wt% SrO, 0.5 wt% ZnO, and 0.5wt% TiO2 did not exhibit a transition to piezoelectric behavior at the temperature expected from the dielectric measurements. Overall, the coating process has been successfully used to modify, and in some cases, enhance the high-field characteristics of PMN-based ceramics for electromechanical uses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-214
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2000
EventMaterials for Smart Systems III - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: 1999 Nov 301999 Dec 2

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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