Teachers as good mothers, mothers as good teachers: Functional and ideological work–family alignment in the South Korean teaching profession

Miliann Kang, Hye Jun Park, Juyeon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As one of the largest women-dominated employment niches in many national contexts, the teaching profession has been widely studied, yet the gender, work and family negotiations within this profession deserve fuller attention. The case study of South Korean teachers, one of the most highly qualified teaching workforces in the world, illuminates how particular professions create specific challenges as well as supports for work and family that can counter national patterns of women's low labour force participation. This study engages with theoretical debates regarding ‘work–family conflict' and ‘work–life balance' to develop the alternative framework of ‘work–family alignment' giving greater attention to cultural, ideological and functional dimensions within specific occupations and national contexts. However, rather than expanding opportunities for women, work–family alignment often depends on conformity to normative gender roles — both at work and within families. Nonetheless, the framework of work–family alignment can inform policy implementation by demonstrating that both functional and ideological supports are needed for workplace and state policies to be effective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-413
Number of pages19
JournalGender, Work and Organization
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 May 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gender Studies
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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