TDOA based moving target velocity estimation in sensor network

Yong Hwi Kim, Min Soo Park, Jin Bae Park, Tae Sung Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In the moving target problem, the velocity information of the moving target is very important as well as the high accuracy position information. To solve this problem, active researches are being conducted recently with combine the Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA) and Frequency Delay of Arrival(FDOA) measurements. However, since the FDOA measurement is utilizing the Doppler effect due to the relative velocity between the target source and the receiver sensor, it may be difficult to use the FDOA measurement if the moving target speed is not sufficiently fast. In this paper, we propose a method for estimating the position and the velocities of the target by using only the TDOA measurements for the low speed moving target in the indoor environment with sensor network. First, the target position and heading angle are obtained from the estimated positions of two attached transmitters on the target. Then, the target angular and linear velocities are also estimated. In addtion, we apply the Instrumental Variable (IV) technique to compensate the estimation error of the estimated target velocity. In simulation, the performance of the proposed algorithm is verified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-450
Number of pages6
JournalTransactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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