TDAS: a touch dynamics based multi-factor authentication solution for mobile devices

Pin Shen Teh, Ning Zhang, Andrew Beng Jin Teoh, Ke Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose–The use of mobile devices in handling our daily activities that involve the storage or access of sensitive data (e.g. on-line banking, paperless prescription services, etc.) is becoming very common. These mobile electronic services typically use a knowledge-based authentication method to authenticate a user (claimed identity). However, this authentication method is vulnerable to several security attacks. To counter the attacks and to make the authentication process more secure, this paper aims to investigate the use of touch dynamics biometrics in conjunction with a personal identification number (PIN)-based authentication method, and demonstrate its benefits in terms of strengthening the security of authentication services for mobile devices. Design/methodology/approach–The investigation has made use of three light-weighted matching functions and a comprehensive reference data set collected from 150 subjects. Findings–The investigative results show that, with this multi-factor authentication approach, even when the PIN is exposed, as much as nine out of ten impersonation attempts can be successfully identified. It has also been discovered that the accuracy performance can be increased by combining different feature data types and by increasing the input string length. Originality/value–The novel contributions of this paper are twofold. Firstly, it describes how a comprehensive experiment is set up to collect touch dynamics biometrics data, and the set of collected data is being made publically available, which may facilitate further research in the problem domain. Secondly, the paper demonstrates how the data set may be used to strengthen the protection of resources that are accessible via mobile devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-153
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


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