Synthesis of nitrogen-doped graphene via simple microwave-hydrothermal process

Il To Kim, Moo Whan Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


In this letter we demonstrate successful application of the microwave-hydrothermal method to the synthesis of nitrogen-doped graphene. The processing time is significantly reduced compared to previously proposed methods as a result of rapid heating by microwave radiation involving agitation of polar molecules and oscillation of ions. Nitrogen-doped graphene has been synthesized from graphene oxide (GO) via microwave-hydrothermal process in ammonia solution. We investigated the chemical composition and bonding configuration of inserted nitrogen atoms in graphene layers synthesized in different microwave treatment time. From the analysis of chemical composition, we found that nitrogen doping is achieved simultaneously with the oxygen reduction process. With increasing synthesis time, nitrogen doping concentration increased to 6.13 at% and oxygen composition rapidly decreased due to oxygen reduction. Moreover, we also show enhanced formation of pyridinic-N atom.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-36
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Letters
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the MSIP(Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning), Korea , under the “IT Consilience Creative Program” ( NIPA-2013-H0203-13-1002 ) supervised by the NIPA(National IT Industry Promotion Agency)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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