Synaptic Scaffolding Molecule Binds to and Regulates Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide Type-1 Receptor in Epithelial Cells

Heon Yung Gee, Young Woong Kim, Min Jae Jo, Wan Namkung, Joo Young Kim, Hyun Woo Park, Kyung Sik Kim, Hoguen Kim, Akemichi Baba, Jinhee Yang, Eunjoon Kim, Kyung Hwan Kim, Min Goo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Background & Aims: Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) is a principal regulator of fluid and electrolyte secretion in the gastrointestinal system. The VIP type-1 receptor (VPAC1), a class II G-protein-coupled receptor, contains a putative C-terminal PDZ-binding motif. A yeast 2-hybrid screen indicated that the C-terminus of VPAC1 bound to the PDZ domain of synaptic scaffolding molecule (S-SCAM, also known as membrane-associated guanylate kinase inverted-2 [MAGI-2]). We analyzed the association between S-SCAM and VPAC1. Methods: The biochemical properties and physiologic significance of the interaction between VPAC1 and S-SCAM were examined in heterologous expression systems, T84 colonic epithelial cells, and human pancreas and colon tissues using an integrated molecular and physiologic approach. Results: The physical interaction between VPAC1 and S-SCAM was confirmed by immunoprecipitation in HEK 293 mammalian cells and human pancreatic and colonic tissues. Immunocytochemical analysis indicated that S-SCAM recruited VPAC1 to the junctional area near the apical end of the lateral membrane in T84 cells. Several lines of evidence revealed that S-SCAM inhibits VPAC1 activation. Overexpression of S-SCAM inhibited VPAC1-mediated cAMP production and agonist-induced VPAC1 internalization in HEK 293 and HeLa cells. In addition, S-SCAM decreased the VPAC1-mediated current through the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator in Xenopus oocytes, especially at low concentrations of VIP. Importantly, loss of S-SCAM increased VIP-induced short-circuit currents in T84 monolayers, which endogenously express VPAC1 and S-SCAM. Conclusions: S-SCAM/MAGI-2 interacts with and regulates VPAC1 intracellular localization in epithelial cells and inhibits VPAC1 agonist-induced activation and internalization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-617.e4
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding Supported by grants KRF-2005-015-E00067 from the Korea Research Foundation and R11-2007-040-01001-0 and R01-2007-000-20710-0 from the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation, Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Korea.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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