Symptom Experience in Korean Patients with Liver Cirrhosis

Soo Hyun Kim, Eui Geum Oh, Won Hee Lee, Ok Soo Kim, Kwang Hyup Han

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18 Citations (Scopus)


This study was done to examine the level of symptom experience, and symptom variation in relation to demographic and clinical variables, in Korean patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). Symptom experience was measured using a scale developed by the researchers through a literature review on LC. Participants were 129 patients whose mean age was 53.6 (standard deviation [SD] = 9.28) years. The results indicated that (1) overall symptom experience was relatively low (mean 41.67, SD 24.71); (2) the main symptoms needing a management were fatigue, abdominal distension and/or peripheral edema, and muscle cramps; and (3) among the study variables, the severity of LC (P < 0.001) and the number of hospitalizations (P = 0.014) showed a significant relationship with overall symptom experience. These results suggest that symptom assessment requires a multidimensional approach and that it is imperative to consider disease severity in developing tailored symptom management programs for Korean patients with LC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)326-334
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Nursing
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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