In this study, the optical properties and excited-state dynamics of the unique self-assembled donor-acceptor (DA) merocyanine dye stacks from dimer up to octamer, prepared via dipole-dipole interactions, are reported in terms of coherent exciton dynamics and formation of an excimer-like state. Our findings are based on the steady-state absorption/emission, time-resolved fluorescence, and transient absorption (anisotropy) measurements, including wavepacket analysis and quantum mechanical calculations. Coherent exciton of torsional motions-restricted dye stacks rapidly localizes into the weakly emissive excimer-like state, by shortening the inter-moiety distance and changing the bond-length alternation pattern. The inner merocyanine moiety, having two neighboring units, has a reversed resonance character (non-polar (N) < zwitterionic (Z)) compared with the outer moiety (N > Z) in the ground state. This difference has led to two conclusions: (1) tetramers and octamers exhibit different features of excimer-like state than the dimer, and (2) octamers exhibit slower localization dynamics due to the enhanced homogeneity (six inner-moieties) compared with tetramers (two inner moieties).
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© 2020 Elsevier Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Biochemistry, medical
- Materials Chemistry