Suppression of temperature oscillation in Czochralski convection by superimposing rotating flows

Jung Il Choi, Hyung Jin Sung

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12 Citations (Scopus)


A numerical study was made of a control technique of transient oscillatory flows in Czochralski convection. The suppression of temperature oscillation was achieved by changing the rotation rate of crystal rod Ω = Ω0(1 + ASsin(2π/tpfSt)), where AS denotes the dimensionless rotation amplitude and fS the frequency. Based on the inherent oscillatory time period of the melt (tp), the suppression rate of temperature oscillation was characterized by the mixed convection parameter Ra/(Pr Re2). This parameter ranged in the study 0.225 ≤ Ra/(Pr Re2) ≤ 0.929, which encompasses the buoyancy-and forced-convection dominant regimes. Computational results revealed that the temperature oscillation can be suppressed significantly by adjusting the control parameters. The uniformity of temperature distribution in space and in time near the crystal interface was scrutinized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1667-1675
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1997 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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