Background/Aim: We previously identified KS40008 (4-(3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-5-yl)benzene-1,2-diol), a novel inhibitor of dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase family (DYRK) 1A/B, which exhibited high enzymatic activity and cell proliferation-inhibitory effects in colorectal cancer (CRC) cell lines. In the present study, we aimed to elucidate the antitumor mechanisms of KS40008. Materials and Methods: To assess the cytotoxicity of KS40008, we utilized a human cell line and organoid model and performed a CCK-8 assay and real-time cell analysis. Mitochondrial function was determined through mitochondrial staining, mito-stress test, and glycolysis test. In addition, we investigated the mechanisms of cancer cell death induced by KS40008 through immunoblotting, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reactive oxygen species staining, and immunofluorescence staining. Results: KS40008 exhibited significant cytotoxicity in CRC and non-CRC cell lines, and organoid models compared to 5-fluorouracil, a conventional chemotherapeutic drug. Moreover, KS40008-induced inhibition of DYRK1A/B led to mitochondrial dysfunction and endoplasmic reticulum stress, promoting autophagic cancer cell death. Conclusion: KS40008 exerts antitumor activity through the inhibition of DYRK1A/B. Here, we demonstrated a mechanism by which KS40008 affects endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated autophagy through the induction of mitochondrial stress, leading to cytotoxicity in CRC.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2022 International Institute of Anticancer Research. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research