Superselective transcatheter arterial embolization for acute small bowel bleeding: clinical outcomes and prognostic factors for ischemic complications

Yong Seek Kim, Joon Ho Kwon, Kichang Han, Man Deuk Kim, Junhyung Lee, Gyoung Min Kim, Jong Yun Won

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Small bowel bleeding (SBB) accounts for 5%–10% of all cases of acute gastrointestinal bleeding. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) plays an important role in the treatment of SBB. Purpose: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of superselective TAE exclusively for SBB and to assess factors associated with clinical outcomes. Material and Methods: From January 2006 to April 2017, 919 patients were admitted with signs and symptoms of gastrointestinal bleeding; 74 patients (mean age = 57.5 years; age range = 14–82 years) with positive angiographic findings for SBB were retrospectively analyzed. The technical success of TAE and clinical outcomes, including recurrent bleeding, major complications, and in-hospital mortality were evaluated. The associations of various clinical and technical factors with clinical outcomes were analyzed. Results: The bleeding foci were in the ileum in 48 (65%) patients and the jejunum in 26 (35%). Technical success was achieved in 72 (97%) patients. The rates of recurrent bleeding, major complications, and in-hospital mortality were 12% (7/57), 21% (15/71), and 25% (18/72), respectively. Superselective embolization was a significant prognostic factor associated with fewer major complications (OR = 0.069; P = 0.003). The increased number of embolized vasa recta was significantly associated with a higher probability of major complications (OR = 2.64; P < 0.001). The use of N-butyl cyanoacrylate was associated with lower rates of major complication (OR = 0.257; P = 0.027). Conclusion: TAE is a safe and effective treatment modality for SBB. In addition, whenever possible, TAE should be performed in a superselective manner to minimize ischemic complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-583
Number of pages10
JournalActa Radiologica
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Foundation Acta Radiologica 2020.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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