Superior lubrication of dense/porous-coupled nanoscale C/WS 2 multilayer coating on ductile substrate

Shusheng Xu, Yuzhen Liu, Mingyu Gao, Kyeong Hee Kang, Dong Gap Shin, Dae Eun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Sputtered carbon material has been receiving much attention as a solid lubricant coating owing to its high hardness and low coefficient of friction. However, its relatively low wear resistance performance when applied on a ductile substrate has limited its use in certain applications. In this work, a porous WS 2 sublayer was introduced to the sputtered carbon-based nanoscale multilayer coating to improve its tribological properties. The microstructural, mechanical and tribological properties of the nanoscale C/WS 2 multilayer coating were systematically investigated using various analytical techniques. Through structural optimization, a durable coating with excellent wear resistance and low frictional performances could be attained for a ductile steel substrate. The excellent toughness allowed the coating to deform with the ductile substrate without fracturing during contact sliding process. Furthermore, the first self-destruction and then recombination behaviors of dense/porous-coupled nanoscale multilayer coating as well as the selective release of carbon component to the contact interface driven by the frictional interaction aided in maintaining low friction. As a result, the nanoscale multilayer coating showed approximately 100-fold greater wear resistance than that of pure hard carbon coating on a ductile steel substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)724-732
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government ( MSIT ) (No. 2010-0018289 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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