Supercritical droplet dynamics and emission in low speed cross-flows

J. W. Chae, H. S. Yang, W. S. Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Droplet dynamics and emission of a supercritical droplet in crossing gas stream are numerically investigated. Effects of ambient pressure and velocity of nitrogen gas on the dynamics of the supercritical oxygen droplet are parametrically examined. Unsteady conservative axisymmetric Navier-Stokes equations. in curvilinear coordinates are preconditioned and solved by dual-time stepping method. A unified property evaluation scheme based on a fundamental equation of state and extended corresponding-state principle is established to deal with thermodynamic non-idealities and transport anomalies. At lower pressures and velocities of nitrogen cross flows, both the diffusion and the convection are important in determining the droplet dynamics. Relative flow motion causes a secondary breakup and cascading vortices, and the droplet lifetime is reduced with increasing in ambient pressure. At higher ambient pressures and velocities, however, the droplet dynamics become convection-controlled while the secondary breakup is hindered by reduced diffusivity of the oxygen. Gas-phase mixing depends on the convection and diffusion velocities in conjunction with corresponding droplet deformation and flow interaction. Supercritical droplet dynamics and emission is not similar with respect to the pressure and velocity of the ambient gas and thus provides no scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1586-1601
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Supercritical droplet dynamics and emission in low speed cross-flows'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this