Sulfur dioxide absorption characteristics of aqueous amino acid solutions

Kwanghwi Kim, Hyun Sic Park, Hyunji Lim, Jo Hong Kang, Jinwon Park, Hojun Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The SO2 absorption/desorption performances of 14 aqueous amino acid solutions were evaluated to identify efficient absorbents to remove SO2 from coal-powered plant emissions. SO2 absorption/desorption experiments were conducted at 298.15 and 373.15 K, respectively, using 600 ppmv SO2 (N2 balance) and N2 purging. Thereafter, the absorption/desorption loadings and rates of the solutions, as well as their net cyclic capacities, were compared. The SO2 absorption mechanisms were explored via 13C NMR, 1H NMR, and UV–Vis analyses, and the relationship between the pKa values and absorption performances of the 14 aqueous amino acid solutions was investigated. Furthermore, the effects of absorption temperature, absorbent concentration, and inlet SO2 concentration on the SO2 absorption performances of the solutions were explored. 5-Aminovaleric acid, 4-aminobutyric acid, β-alanine, and histidine were identified as suitable SO2 absorbents based on their absorption/desorption performances and their net cyclic capacities. Furthermore, the net cyclic capacities of these four absorbents were similar or superior to those of previously reported deep eutectic solvents and ionic liquids. The results of this study provide a strategy for preparing eco-friendly SO2 absorbents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-501
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume105
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan 25

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Korean Society of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering

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