Ras protein has been considered a fascinating target for anticancer therapy because its malfunction is closely related to cancer. However, Ras has been considered undruggable because of the failure to regulate its malfunction by controlling the Ras activation mechanism. Recently, Lumakras targeting the G12C mutation was approved, and therapeutic interest in Ras for anticancer therapy has been rejuvenated. Here, we present a series of compounds that inhibit Ras via a unique mechanism of action that exploits the relationship between the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and Ras. KYA1797K (1) binds to axin to stabilize the β-catenin destruction complex that causes the phosphorylation and subsequent degradation of Ras, similar to canonical β-catenin regulation. Based on the chemical structure of 1, we performed a structural optimization and identified 3-(2-hydroxyethyl)-5-((6-(4-nitrophenyl)pyridin-2-yl)methylene)thiazolidine-2,4-dione (13d) as the most potent compound. 13d displayed antitumor effects in a colorectal cancer model with enhanced inhibition activity on Ras. The results of this study suggest that the further development of 13d could contribute to the development of Ras inhibitors with novel mechanisms of action.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry