The structural and electro-optical influence of marcasite on the properties of solution-processed iron pyrite thin films was investigated. Marcasite has a strong tendency to form simultaneously with pyrite upon sulfurization of amorphous iron-oxide precursor films, leading to a mixed-phase structure in which pyrite grains are surrounded by nanocrystalline marcasite boundaries. The optical analysis in combination with spectroscopic ellipsometry revealed that marcasite should have a bandgap of approximately 0.85–0.88 eV with a higher absorption coefficient than pyrite, differing strongly from the prior belief that marcasite has a bandgap of less than 0.4 eV. In addition, the pyrite/marcasite film has been found to have a larger diffusion coefficient for photogenerated minority carriers than the phase-pure pyrite film from electrochemical impedance analyses, resulting in a higher photocurrent density, as determined through photoelectrochemical measurement. The facile transport of a minority carrier along the marcasite boundaries is the putative origin of the observed improvement in the photoactivity of the pyrite/marcasite mixture films.
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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)