Strengthening in nanostructured 2024 aluminum alloy and its composites containing carbon nanotubes

H. J. Choi, B. H. Min, J. H. Shin, D. H. Bae

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90 Citations (Scopus)


The ultrafine-grained 2024 aluminum alloy (A2024) and A2024 matrix composites containing carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are developed. Three strengthening strategies of grain boundary hardening, age hardening and hardening by CNTs are employed. First, grain size of A2024 is effectively reduced using a ball-milling technique and A2024 with a grain size of 100 nm exhibits a yield stress of ∼560 MPa, exhibiting a well agreement with the Hall-Petch relation. CNTs also have a great effect for strengthening. The A2024 matrix composite containing 3 vol.% CNTs shows a yield stress of ∼780 MPa with 2% tensile elongation to failure. Hardness is further increased after aging. The nanostructured composite shows its peak hardness after 4 h of aging because the refined grain boundaries and CNTs act as a pathway for diffusion of atoms with stimulating the aging process. The composite in the present study has great potential for application as structural materials in industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1438-1444
Number of pages7
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the R&BD Program of Korean Institute for Advancement of Technology, Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (Grant No. 2010-0016139 ) and the Second Stage of Brain Korea 21 Project in 2010.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials


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