Strengthening and toughening of aluminum by single-walled carbon nanotubes

H. J. Choi, D. H. Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


Effects of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) on strengthening and toughening behaviors of aluminum-based composites with grain sizes ranging from nano- to micrometer have been investigated. The strength of composites is enhanced as an increase in SWNT volume and a decrease in grain size. Nanocrystalline composite containing 3.5vol.% SWNTs exhibits good ductility of ∼5% tensile elongation to failure as well as superior yield stress of ∼600MPa. However, the strengthening efficiency of SWNTs becomes half of the theoretical prediction for nanocrystalline composites due to the recovery process around the interface. Nanocrystalline composite containing 2.0vol.% SWNTs shows the fracture toughness of ∼57MPamm1/2, which is five times higher than that of starting aluminum. SWNTs may effectively block the propagation of necks and cracks, providing much improved ductility and toughness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2412-2417
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Second Stage of Brain Korea 21 Project in 2010 and by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation Grant (no. 2010-0016139 ).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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