Stiffness degradation and shear strength of silty sands

Junhwan Lee, Rodrigo Salgado, J. Antonio H. Carraro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Soils behave nonlinearly from very early loading stages. When granular soils contain a certain amount of fines, the degree of nonlinearity also changes, as stiffness and strength characteristics vary with fines content. Hyperbolic stress-strain models and variations of these models are often used for description of the nonlinear behavior. A modified hyperbolic stress-strain relationship is used in this paper for representing the degradation of the elastic modulus of silty sands. The model is based on two modulus degradation parameters that determine the magnitude and rate of modulus degradation as a function of stress level. Realistic representation of soil behavior using this nonlinear relationship requires estimation of the degradation parameters as a function of silt content and relative density DR. A series of triaxial test results on sands containing different amounts of nonplastic silt were analyzed with this purpose. Relationships between the degradation parameters and cone penetration test (CPT) cone resistance qc are also proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-843
Number of pages13
JournalCanadian Geotechnical Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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