Motivation: It is a common practice in cancer microarray experiments that a normal tissue is collected from the same individual from whom the tumor tissue was taken. The indirect design is usually adopted for the experiment that uses a common reference RNA hybridized both to normal and tumor tissues. However, it is often the case that the test material is not large enough for the experimenter to extract enough RNA to conduct the microarray experiment. Hence, collecting n cases does not necessarily end up with a matched pair sample of size n. Instead we usually have a matched pair sample of size n1, and two independent samples of sizes n2 and n3, respectively, for 'reference versus normal tissue only' and 'reference versus tumor tissue only' hybridizations (n = n1 + n2 + n3). Standard statistical methods need to be modified and new statistical procedures are developed for analyzing this mixed dataset. Results: We propose a new test statistic, t3, as a means of combining all the information in the mixed dataset for detecting differentially expressed (DE) genes between normal and tumor tissues. We employed the extended receiver operating characteristic approach to the mixed dataset. We devised a measure of disagreement between a RT-PCR experiment and a microarray experiment. Hotelling's T2 statistic is employed to detect a set of DE genes and its prediction rate is compared with the prediction rate of a univariate procedure. We observe that Hotelling's T2 statistic detects DE genes more efficiently than a univariate procedure and that further research is warranted on the formal test procedure using Hotelling's T2 statistic.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
B.S.K. was supported by a grant from the Korea Health 21 R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (02-PJ1-PG3-10411-00-03). S.H.L. was supported by a grant R04-203-000-10145-0 from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation. H.C.C. and S.Y.R. were supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) through the Cancer Metastasis Research Center (CMRC) at Yonsei University College of Medicine.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics