Stasis mechanism of γ → ε martensitic transformation in Fe-17Mn alloy

Jin Sung Hong, Seon Min Choi, Young Kook Lee

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7 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, we observed incomplete martensitic transformation in Fe-17Mn alloy that γ austenite → ε martensitic transformation stops at a certain temperature during continuous cooling and the ε phase fraction does not increase with decreasing temperature further. The mechanism of this transformation stasis (TS) was investigated through microstructural observation, thermodynamic calculation and tensile testing using Fe-17Mn specimens with various γ grain sizes. The TS phenomenon was observed in all specimens regardless of prior γ grain size, and the TS temperature was lowered with decreasing prior γ grain size. TS occurred due to the dynamic grain refinement that ε platelets subdivide a γ grain to make several subgrains. The γ/ε interphase boundaries surrounding subgrains revealed the higher suppression effect of γ → ε martensitic transformation than prior γ grain boundaries. Therefore, at the same level of subgrain size, the fine γ-grained specimen revealed more active γ → ε martensitic transformation due to the higher fraction of prior γ grain boundaries than the coarse γ-grained specimen. Considering the difference in boundary characteristic between prior γ grain boundaries and γ/ε interphase boundaries, the driving force for γ → ε martensitic transformation was newly calculated and used to explain the TS phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116846
JournalActa Materialia
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Korea Institute for Advancement of Technology(KIAT) grant funded by the Korea Government(MOTIE) (P0002019, The Competency Development Program for Industry Specialist)

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Acta Materialia Inc.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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