Starch [(C6H10O5)n]-stabilized bismuth sulfide (Bi2S3) nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized in a single-pot reaction using bismuth nitrate pentahydrate (Bi(NO3)3·5H2O) and sodium sulfide (Na2S) as precursors. Bi2S3NPs were stable over time and a wide band gap of 2.86 eV was observed. The capping of starch on the Bi2S3NPs prevents them from agglomeration and provides regular uniform shapes. The synthesized Bi2S3NPs were quasispherical, and the measured average particle size was ∼11 nm. The NPs are crystalline with an orthorhombic structure as determined by powder X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The existence and interaction of starch on the NP's surface were analyzed using circular dichroism. Impedance spectroscopy was used to measure the electronic behavior of Bi2S3NPs at various temperatures and frequencies. The dielectric measurements on the NPs show high dielectric polarizations. Furthermore, it was observed that the synthesized Bi2S3NPs inhibited bacterial strains (Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Staphylococcus aureus) and demonstrated substantial antibacterial activity.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering