Exploration of proficient electrocatalyst from earth-abundant nonprecious metals in lieu of noble metal-based catalysts to obtain clean hydrogen energy through large-scale electrochemical water splitting is still an ongoing challenge. Herein, iron-doped nickel cobalt phosphide nanoplate arrays grown on a carbon cloth (NiCoFexP/CC) are fabricated using a simple hydrothermal route, followed by phosphorization. The electrochemical analysis demonstrates that the NiCoFexP/CC electrode possesses high electrocatalytic activity for water splitting in alkaline medium. Benefits from the synergistic effect between the metal centers, two-dimensional porous nanoplates, and unique three-dimensional electrode configuration of NiCoFexP/CC provide small overpotentials of 39 at 10 mA cm-2 and 275 mV at 50 mA cm-2 to drive the hydrogen evolution reaction and oxygen evolution reaction, respectively. Furthermore, the assembled two-electrode (NiCoFexP/CC∥NiCoFexP/CC) alkaline water electrolyzer can achieve 10 mA cm-2 current density at 1.51 V. Remarkably, it can maintain stable electrolysis over 150 h. The excellent activity and stability of this catalyst is proved to be a economical substitute of commercial noble metal-based catalysts in technologies relevant to renewable energy.
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© 2018 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment